Of course, the time has provided all the evidence:
Carr’s Advice, Spend Less. The reality is different, very different. Between 2003 and 2008, American corporations continued spending on technology. In fact, the US Census Bureau reports that the expenses on technology climbed up from 229 billion dollars to 296 billion dollars in five years – a jump of almost 30%. In the same time, the US GDP grew by around 28%. As a percent, the spend on technology did not go down at all, in fact, it grew albeit a little.
- Carr’s Advice, Follow, don’t Lead. Think of all the technology innovation and the business value created after this advice was dispensed with the outrageous claim of “IT does not matter”. Think of Amazon – its market cap grew from 10 billion in 2003 to 30 billion in 2008 (Reference: YCharts). Its revenues quadrupled in the meantime from 4 billion to 16 billion (Amazon reported 34 billion dollars in revenues in 2010). Think Amazon was following this advice when it came to technology? Not a chance – part of Amazon’s phenomenal success as a company is that it is a technology juggernaut – think of Kindle and the whole content model behind it, Amazon’s store fronts, digital publishing & selling models – its technology provides it with the competitive advantages that others are hard pressed to match and its technology if firmly part of the business strategy of growth!
- Carr’s Advice, Focus on vulnerabilities, not opportunities. Surely, Amazon broke this rule as well – they focused on opportunities and won big time. They are not alone, any company that ignored this advice won big, think of Progressive (advanced risk-calculating methodologies. satellite tracking), Cemex (real-time geo-tracking and advanced scheduling), Wal-Mart (continued investments in supply chain, ex. cross-docking and vendor demand collaboration).
IT as an infrastructure is different from anything we have seen or experienced till now. And I am willing to bet that we have only scratched the surface of where It will take us in next 10 years, 20 years, 50 years! Think of all the technologies that exist but are not wide-spread as yet and their potential in creating competitive advantage: RFID, geo-location-based services, real-time tracking & visibility, artificial intelligence (that is almost completely absent from business applications’ decision making modules), robotics, nano-technology, advances in genetics, and so on. One day soon, there will be no need to take your groceries out and place them on a belt for a cashier to scan – RFID will take care of that as you pass through the check-out counter. Companies will be able to track their shipments, containers, and trucks in real-time as they move through the water-ways and roadways, sense real-time changes in demand, connect to the shipments-in-transit with an artificial intelligence-based decision making system redirecting and redeploying inventory, devoid of any human alerting or manipulation. Though till now, business either don’t have the ability/inclination to gather data or don’t have the capability to make good decisions with it – but a few more years of advances in computing power, mathematics, and analytics, and the petabytes of data on our shopping habits will tell retailers more about us than we know ourselves!
Think of the impact on the drug discovery and introduction, with FDA’s plans on using simulators rather than trials. Ray Kurzweil says, “It’ll soon be the case that using a simulator of human biology is a better simulation of humans than animals are. Ultimately, you’ll see very dramatic results because these are information processes. And when we really understand how the software of life works, we can really reprogram it away from cancer, away from heart disease.” (See Ray Kurzweil’s full interview at http://www.mckinseyquarterly.com/IT_growth_and_global_change_A_conversation_with_Ray_Kurzweil_2728).
Right now, the potential of IT is limited only by human ingenuity. May be some day, some day in real far future, IT may stop to matter – becoming much like the phone my desk, Carr’s comparison of IT with electricity may come to pass, but that day is not now, not tomorrow, not this decade… Till then, IT remains everyone’s business and businesses whose core strength does not include ability to manage technology can reasonably plan to retire early.
- If It does not Work, Blame the Technology?
- Is Technology Expendable?
- Putting Your Money Where Your Mouth Is
- Strategy Alignment: Poor State of Affairs
Want to know more about supply chain processes? How they work and what they afford? Check out my books on Supply Chain Management at Amazon.